Anterior Crossbite (underbite)
A crossbite that affects the front teeth is known as an anterior crossbite, or perhaps more commonly as an underbite.
A crossbite is where your upper teeth bite inside your lower teeth. In can happen on one or both sides of your jaw and it can affect your front or back teeth.
Overcrowding is very common and it’s often caused by a lack of space, resulting in teeth that are crooked and overlap.
An open bite is where the front teeth don’t overlap the lower teeth. An open bite affecting the front teeth is known as an anterior open bite.
An impacted tooth is one that’s unable to erupt through the gum normally. Possible treatments include removing the tooth, or exposing it so that a brace can be fitted.
A diastema is a space between two teeth, usually the front teeth. Madonna and model Lara Stone famously both have diastemas.
Missing teeth, or hypodontia, can occur as a result of teeth not developing properly or through trauma.
An overjet is where your top teeth extend past your bottom teeth horizontally (not to be confused with an overbite). Protruding teeth can risk damage and cause problems with eating and speech.
While there should be some overlap of your lower front teeth, in some cases an increased overbite can cause your front teeth to bite down onto your gums.
Spacing can occur between two or more teeth. Some of the causes can include missing teeth, small teeth, tongue thrusting and thumb sucking.
This patient had moderate to severe anterior crowding and wore braces for 22 mos. This is an example of a case that would have benefit from early expansion treatment. A good age to have first seen this patient would have been when her permanent lateral incisor teeth erupted. Click on the links to learn more about why early expansion treatment is a good idea not only to align crowded teeth but also to improve a patients quality of life through an improved airway.Read the full paper
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Our practice also recognizes that adults and children have different needs, and require a different level of attention and care. We will work with you to ensure that you receive the most appropriate treatments, and that your needs are met with understanding, respect, and full commitment from us.
- For children
- While there is no exact age for children to begin orthodontic treatment, the American Association of Orthodontists recommends visiting the orthodontist around age seven. Early treatment allows your orthodontist to correct and guide your child’s jaw, create more space for crowded teeth, avoid the need for extractions later in life, and correct thumb sucking and minor speech problems. There are a few things to watch for that may mean your child needs to see an orthodontist, such as crowded or misplaced teeth, difficulty chewing or biting, mouth breathing, thumb sucking, or popping jaws.
- For teens
- Braces are no longer as scary as many teens may think. In fact,braces today come in a variety of styles, materials, and colors, making life with braces much easier, more comfortable, and even more stylish than in the past. There are several treatment options to choose from,including traditional metal, ceramic, and invisible braces. Treatment times can vary depending on how quickly your body responds and how much work is needed to give you the show-stopping smile you expect.Regardless of the type of braces you choose, it is important to avoid sticky, hard, or chewy foods, as these may damage your braces and prolong your treatment time.
- For adults
- Orthodontic treatment is no longer just for teens! In fact, according to
the American Association of Orthodontists, one in five orthodontic patients is over the age of 21! Many
adults are choosing to receive treatment because they understand the importance of maintaining their
health and they want to feel better about their appearance. Today’s
orthodontic treatment options offer a variety of braces and appliances that are comfortable, aesthetic,
and customized to meet your needs, such as clear braces, self-ligating braces, lingual braces, and clear
aligners. Remember, a straight smile isn’t just beautiful; it will help you maintain the health of your
teeth for life!
Invisalign is always offered to those who are candidates. Feel free to ask if that might be you! Dr. Alexander has been an Invisalign provider since its inception in 1999. He has treated hundreds of happy patients with this innovative technology.
- What is an orthodontist ?
- All orthodontists are dentists first. Out of 100 dental school graduates,
only six go on to become orthodontists.
There are three steps in an orthodontist’s education: college, dental school and orthodontic residency program. It can take 10 or more years of education after high school to become an orthodontist. After completing college requirements, the prospective orthodontist attends dental school. Upon graduation, the future orthodontist must be accepted* as a student in an accredited orthodontic residency program, then successfully complete a minimum of two academic years of study. The orthodontic student learns the skills required to manage tooth movement (orthodontics) and guide facial development (dentofacial orthopedics).
- Only those who have successfully completed this formal education may call themselves “orthodontists.”
- Orthodontists limit their scope of work to orthodontics only.**
- Orthodontists are uniquely qualified in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of orthodontic problems. They dedicate their professional lives to creating healthy, beautiful smiles in children, teens and adults. Well-aligned teeth are more than attractive: they make it possible to bite, chew and speak effectively. Orthodontic care is often part of a comprehensive oral health plan.
- Orthodontists use a variety of “appliances,” including braces, clear aligner trays and retainers, to move teeth or hold them in their new positions. Because of orthodontists’ advanced education and clinical experience, they have the knowledge and skills necessary to recommend the best kind of appliance to meet every individual patient’s treatment goals.
- The right time to see an orthodontist
- The Right Time for an Orthodontic Check-Up: No Later than Age
Why Your Child Should Get An Orthodontic Check-up No Later Than Age 7:
Even though most people think of pre-teens and teens when they think of orthodontics, there are good reasons your child should get an orthodontic evaluation much sooner. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends a check-up with an orthodontic specialist no later than age 7.
- Orthodontists can spot subtle problems with jaw growth and emerging teeth while some baby teeth are still present.
- While your child’s teeth may appear to be straight, there could be a problem that only an orthodontist can detect.
- The check-up may reveal that your child’s bite is fine. Or, the orthodontist may identify a developing problem but recommend monitoring the child’s growth and development, and then if indicated, begin treatment at the appropriate time for the child. In other cases, the orthodontist might find a problem that can benefit from early treatment.
- Early treatment may prevent more serious problems from developing and may make treatment at a later age shorter and less complicated.
- In some cases, the orthodontist will be able to achieve results that may not be possible once the face and jaws have finished growing.
- Early treatment may give your orthodontist the chance to:
- guide jaw growth
- lower the risk of trauma to protruded front teeth
- correct harmful oral habits.
- improve appearance
- guide permanent teeth into a more favorable position
- improve the way lips meet
- Through an early orthodontic evaluation, you’ll be giving your child the best opportunity for a healthy, beautiful smile.
Because patients differ in both physiological development and treatment needs, the ortho-dontist’s goal is to provide each patient with the most appropriate treatment at the most appropriate time.
- Problems to watch for in children
- The American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) recommends that all
children have a check-up with an orthodontic specialist no later than age 7.
Reasons for this Examination:
- The posterior occlusion is established when the first molars erupt. At that time, one can evaluate the antero-posterior and transverse relationships of the occlusion, as well as discover any functional shifts or crossbites.
- Incisors have begun to erupt and problems can be detected such as crowding, habits, deep bites, open bites and some jaw discrepancies.
- For some, a timely evaluation will lead to significant treatment benefits; for others, the principal immediate benefit is a parent’s peace of mind.
The AAO does not advocate comprehensive orthodontic treatment at age 7. However, interceptive treatment may be appropriate in the kinds of problems shown on the reverse.
Final treatment decisions should be made among the parent, child’s dentist and orthodontist.